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Horticulture and Home Pest News
Horticulture & Home Pest News is filled with articles on current horticulture, plant care, pest management, and common household pests written by Iowa State University Extension specialists in the Departments of Entomology, Horticulture and Plant Pathology.

Suggested Apple Varieties for Home Gardens in Iowa

This article was published originally on 4/8/1992
Home gardeners can successfully grow apples in most areas of Iowa. However, before selecting and planting apple trees, gardeners should carefully consider the time and money required to produce high quality fruit. For many individuals, commercial apple orchards may be the best source of fresh, high quality apples.

There are dozens of apple varieties available to dedicated home gardeners. Gardeners should base their selection on the variety's adaptability (hardiness), fruit and storage qualities and intended use of the fruit. Suggested apple varieties for home gardens in Iowa are presented below. (Since most apple varieties are self-infertile, plant at least two different apple varieties to provide for cross-pollination and fruit set.)

VarietyAdaptability to Iowa*MaturityRemarks
EarliblazeN,C,SMid to late AugustRed fruit, fresh and cooking are principle uses, short storage life; prone to alternate bearing.
State FairN,C,SMid to late AugustRed fruit, fresh and cooking, short storage life; introduced by the University of Minnesota.
Summer TreatN,C,SMid to late AugustRed fruit, fresh and cooking, short storage life.
WealthyN,C,SLate August to early SeptemberYellow fruit striped with red, cooking and fresh, short storage life.
GalaC,SLate August to early SeptemberOrange red fruit, sweet early-season apple, fresh and cooking; originated in New Zealand.
McIntoshN,C,SEarly to mid SeptemberRed fruit, fresh and cooking, susceptible to apple scab; fruit have a tendency to drop before mature.
CortlandN,C,SMid to late SeptemberRed fruit, fresh and cooking, flesh is slow to darken when cut, susceptible to apple scab.
FreedomN,C,SMid to late SeptemberRed fruit, fresh and cooking, immune to apple scab.
HoneygoldNMid to late SeptemberYellow fruit, fresh and cooking; hardy substitute for Golden Delicious in northern Iowa; introduced by the University of Minnesota.
JonafreeN,C,SMid to late SeptemberRed fruit, fresh and cooking, immune to apple scab.
JonathanN,C,SMid to late SeptemberRed fruit, fresh and cooking; popular variety for many years.
HaralsonN,CMid to late SeptemberRed fruit, fresh and cooking, extremely hardy; developed by the University of Minnesota.
JonaliciousN,C,SMid to late SeptemberRed fruit, fresh and cooking, resistant to apple scab.
SpartanN,C,SMid to late SeptemberRed fruit, fresh and cooking.
Sweet SixteenN,C,SMid to late SeptemberRed fruit, fresh and cooking, very good flavor.
EmpireN,C,SLate September to early OctoberRed fruit, fresh and cooking.
HoneycrispN,C,SLate September to early OctoberRed fruit, fresh and cooking, hardy variety.
LibertyN,C,SLate September to early OctoberRed fruit, fresh and cooking, immune to apple scab.
Red DeliciousN,C,SLate September to early OctoberRed fruit, fresh, not a good cooking apple, excellent keeper; most widely grown apple in the U.S.; originated as a chance seedling on the farm of Jesse Hiatt in Peru, Iowa.
Golden DeliciousC,SLate September to early OctoberYellow fruit, fresh and cooking, excellent all-purpose apple, flesh is slow to darken when cut; self-fruitful.
JonagoldSLate September to early OctoberYellow fruit, fresh and cooking; produces sterile pollen -- plant Jonagold and 2 additional varieties to insure pollination; relatively large trees.
Blushing GoldenSEarly to mid OctoberYellow fruit, fresh and cooking.
RegentN,C,SEarly to mid OctoberRed fruit, fresh and cooking.
KeepsakeN,C,SMid to late OctoberRed fruit, fresh and cooking, long storage life.
MutsuSMid to late OctoberYellow-green fruit, fresh and cooking; produces sterile pollen -- plant Mutsu and 2 additional varieties to insure pollination; relatively large trees; developed in Japan and introduced into the U.S. in 1948.
*Best adapted to northern (N), central (C), or southern (S) Iowa.



This article originally appeared in the April 8, 1992 issue, pp. 1992 issue, pp. 47-49.

Year of Publication: 
1992
Issue: 
IC-463(7) -- April 8, 1992