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Horticulture and Home Pest News
Horticulture & Home Pest News is filled with articles on current horticulture, plant care, pest management, and common household pests written by Iowa State University Extension specialists in the Departments of Entomology, Horticulture and Plant Pathology.

Apple Varieties and Their Uses

This article was published originally on 9/12/1997

Fall is my favorite time of year with cool, crisp nights and warm, sunny, dry days. These conditions are not only pleasant and enjoyable for many outdoor activities, they are also ideal for apples to ripen.

Soon apple growers throughout the state will be harvesting several different apple varieties. Unlike the limited selection found on produce shelves most of the year, their offerings may include twenty or more different varieties, each with a little different flavor, texture , fruit color, and use. Take advantage of this selection and try some of the locally grown apples. The Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship has prepared a brochure, Iowa Fall Produce Directory 1997, that contains information about 200 different producers in 69 counties. It includes the names, addresses, and hours of operation of producers that are selling apples, pumpkins, and winter squash. This directory is available by writing to the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship, Wallace Office Building, Des Moines, IA 50319.

Below is a list of the characteristics and uses of some apple varieties that can be found in Iowa orchards and markets this fall.

VarietyMaturityTextureFlavorStorage lifeUsesRemarks
PaularedLate Aug.CrispSlightly tartShortFresh
WealthyLate Aug. - early Sept.TenderSlightly tartShortCooking, fresh
GalaLate Aug. - early Sept. CrispSlightly sweetShortCooking Orange/red; yellow flesh
McIntoshEarly to mid-Sept.TenderSlightly tartModerate Cooking, freshBright red
JonadelMid - late Sept.TenderSlightly sweetGoodCooking, fresh ISU release in 1958; red fruit
HaralsonMid - late Sept.CrispTartExcellentCooking, freshWhite, firm flesh
CortlandMid - late Sept.CrispSlightly tartGoodCooking, freshWhite flesh that is slow to darken when cut
HoneygoldMid - late Sept.CrispSlightly sweetGood Cooking, fresh
JonafreeMid - late Sept.TenderSlightly tartGoodCooking, fresh
JonathanMid - late Sept.TenderSlightly tartModerateCooking, fresh
JonagoldLate Sept -early Oct.TenderSlightly tartGoodCooking, freshLarge yellow fruit with red striping
ChieftainLate Sept. - early Oct.CrispSlightly tartGoodCooking, freshISU release in 1966; large red fruit
SpartanMid - late Sept.TenderSlightly tartGoodCooking, fresh
LibertyLate Sept. - early Oct.CrispSlightly tartGoodFreshGreenish yellow with red stripes
Red DeliciousLate Sept. - early Oct.CrispSweetExcellentCooking, fresh
Golden DeliciousLate Sept. - early Oct.TenderSweetExcellentCooking, fresh
Golden GrimesLate Sept.CrispSlightly tartExcellentCooking, fresh
Rome BeautyLate Sept.TenderSlightly tartGoodCooking
MutsuMid - late Oct.CrispSlightly tartExcellentCooking, freshYellow-green fruit



This article originally appeared in the September 12, 1997 issue, pp. 138-139.

Year of Publication: 
1997
Issue: 
IC-477(23) -- September 12, 1997