Integrated Crop Management

Sentinel plots: The end of the season

During the past few weeks we have heard much about being prepared for when bad things happen--bad things like devastating natural events.

For Iowa soybean producers, one bad thing we knew was a possibility in 2005 was Asian soybean rust (ASR). Numerous meetings and publications provided information for getting producers prepared should this disease become a problem. Happily, as the season progresses toward its end, ASR is still far from Iowa.

An integral part of our preparations for ASR was the sentinel plot system. These sentinel plots stretched from Florida to North Dakota. The North Central Soybean Research Program and the United Soybean Board funded the project. The sentinel plots' purpose was to have an effective detection system so producers would know about the movement of ASR and could know in advance when and if a fungicide treatment would be warranted.

The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) funded additional sentinel plots and some private companies put out additional plots; there were more than 1,000 such plots across the eastern half of the United States. This involved the efforts of many people. Cooperators worked to sow plots early in order to have more mature soybeans because it was known that the fungus tends to infect plants more readily after they reach the reproductive growth stage. Researchers and trained professionals made weekly visits to each plot to closely examine soybean leaves for signs and symptoms of the disease. Scouting results were posted on the USDA Web site, www.sbrusa.net. This huge effort involved many people and served producers successfully.

In Iowa, we had 31 sentinel plots. We are sincerely grateful to those who assisted in putting out those plots last April. They are:

Cooperator Location
ISU Curtiss Research and Demonstration Farm Ames
Ron Sailer Bradford
ISU Western Research and Demonstration Farm Castana
ISU McNay Research and Demonstration Farm Chariton
ISU Southeastern Research and Demonstration Farm Crawfordsville
Ron and Steven Brunk Eldora
Mack Teachout Farragut
ISU Muscatine Island Research and Demonstration Farm Fruitland
ISU Neely-Kinyon Research and Demonstration Farm Greenfield
Mark Kennett Grinnell
Croplan Genetics Harlan
Mike Donovan Hills
Croplan Genetics/ West Central Cooperative Jefferson
ISU Northern Research and Demonstration Farm Kanawha
ISU Armstrong Research and Demonstration Farm Lewis
Andrew Jackson Demonstration Farm Maquoketa
Don McKibben Marshalltown
UAP Midwest Mediapolis
ISU Northeast Research and Demonstration Farm Nashua
Allee Iowa State University Research and Demonstration Farm Newell
Cliff Mulder Pella
Tim Glenn Plano
Arnie Shirley and Cornerstone Seeds Sidney
Croplan Genetics Sioux Center
Croplan Genetics Slater
Croplan Genetics Springville
ISU Northwest Research and Demonstration Farm Sutherland
Croplan Genetics Washington
Mike Bovy and Brad Bovy Waterloo
Croplan Genetics Webster City
Croplan Genetics West Union

We also thank Syngenta Seeds and Pioneer Hi-Bred International who helped locate cooperators.

What made these plots effective was the close monitoring they received throughout the growing season. Rust did not come close to Iowa, but we remained vigilant because this is a new disease and we could not be certain of its progress. We carefully inspected each plot every week. Many thanks to the field crop specialists who added weekly visits to sentinel plots to their already busy schedules. Without their assistance it would have been difficult to get all of the plots scouted. Iowa State University field crop specialists who helped in this regard are Brian Lang, George Cummins, James Fawcett, John Holmes, Mark Carlton, and Virgil Schmitt. We also had researchers from the Department of Plant Pathology looking at plots. We are relieved that ASR did not enter Iowa. We are sincerely grateful to everyone who helped in this important effort.

This article originally appeared on page 183 of the IC-494(23) -- September 19, 2005 issue.


Source URL:
http://www.ipm.iastate.edu/ipm/icm//ipm/icm/2005/9-19/sentinel.html