Honey Locust- (Gleditsia triacanthos)
Honey Locust are often used in landscape settings because they have a short trunk and a rather open-spreading crown that allows enough light in for grass to grow right up to the trunk. They produce flattened, twisted leathery pods that contain a sweetish, gummy substance which is where the name "honey" locust comes from. Most planted trees are thornless, but wild trees often have large, forked, and very sharp thorns on the trunk and branches.
Hardiness- Zone 4 to Zone 9. Most cultivars do not perform well in heat, humidity and heavy soils.
Growth Rate- Fast. As a young tree, it will grow 2 feet or more per year over a ten year period.
Mature Shape- Upright, spreading. Very delicate and sophisticated silhouette.
Height- 70 to 80 feet tall
Width- 20 to 40 foot spread
Site Requirements- Adaptable to most soils. Readily transplanted. One of our most adaptable native trees.
Features- Can be used to make fence posts, railroad ties, furniture, and fuel. Works well as a landscape plant, but has possibly been overused as a replacement for the Elm trees that succumbed to disease. Susceptible to webworm, which can literally defoliate the tree.