ICM Conference 2018: Day 2 Round Up

November 29, 2018

Day 2 of the #ICM30 Conference has wrapped up and while we feel great about the sessions we were able to get to today, there were plenty out there that we were not able to get to that had just as helpful information. Make sure to get on Twitter and search for the #ICM30 to get all of the updates from various presentations today.

Here is a round-up of several sessions today in relation to Integrated Pest Management:

Brad Coates
Insect Resistance to Bt

For a very cursory look the presentation, click on the Twitter feed to see the thread that @ISU_IPM shared.

ISU_IPM Twitter Feed


Marty Adkins
Agricultural Sustainability and Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

The United Nations projects that the world's population will increase to 9.7 billion people by the year 2050. With a worldwide developing middle class, there will be a growing demand for protein. The World Health Organization predicts that meat consumption will be 45.3 Kg/yr by 2030 (24 percent increase since 1999). Though there is an impending need for a growth in agricultural production, trends show a decreasing agriculture land base. From 1992 though 2012, 31 million acres of farm land have been converted (175 acres per hour). Approximately 11 million of those acres were highly productive. Fresh water limitations in highly irrigated areas are also occurring which will result in reversion of 49-108 million acres. 

From a larger perspective, since settlement in Iowa, soils have lost half of their organic carbon. This results in losing water holding capacity, losing fertility and a loss in productivity. While this isn't anyone's fault in particular, and more a result of a growing world population and demand for food, the current farming systems to meet these future demands are unsustainable. What is required is an IPM approach to farming to promote longevity, or else we risk resorting to older methods of pest control which are more dangerous and volatile.

Any discussion about incorporating IPM practices should revolve around building sustainable soils. A healthy soil will foster sustainable crop production while minimizing pest interferences. We can do this by:

Minimizing disturbance: avoids oxidation, destruction of soil aggregates.

Keeping covered: moderate soil temperatures, protect surface aggregates, reduce compaction from equipment

Living root year round: important for food for soil biota, builds soil aggregate stability, keeps pumping C into soil

Diversity: becomes economically stable, diverse roots support diverse soil biota

With the integrate of livestock as a soil builder, we can see a more beneficial rate of return because cover crops can be used as a feed source, which results in farming economic diversity.

A lot of problems surrounding unsustainable farming systems revolve around economics in the form of: lack of markets in various states for diverse crops, too high of a start up costs, too long of an opportunity cost and a lack of responsibility on consumers to pay more for goods. However, there do exist several cost sharing programs from the USDA, for those who are interested:

USDA cost sharing grant programs

Rebecca Vittetoe
The Battle Against Pythium Seedling Diseases in Corn

For a very cursory look the presentation, click on the Twitter feed to see the thread that @ISU_IPM shared.

ISU_IPM Twitter Feed


Daren Mueller
Update on Soybean Diseases-2018

For a very cursory look the presentation, click on the Twitter feed to see the thread that @ISU_IPM shared.

A chart examining fungicide efficacy in soybeans


Erin Hodgson
Soybean Gall Midge

For a summation of Erin's presentation on the newly identified Soybean Gall Midge, visit the ICM website for a complete insect profile.

For additional conference topics and conversation, make sure to search #ICM30 on Twitter!

ISU_IPM Twitter Feed


To see Day 1's Round up, click here.

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